Anthropometry is the science of measuring the size and proportions of the human body or in other words it refers primarily to the distribution of muscle and fat in the body. Anthropometric measurement has revealed correlation between body structure, physical characteristics and sport capabilities. In all the games, height, weight, and other Anthropometric variables play a vital role in the player’s performance.
All fitness components depend on body composition to some extent. An increase in lean body mass contributes to strength and power development. Strength and power are related to muscle size. Thus, an increase in lean body mass enables the athlete to generate more force in a specific period of time. A sufficient level of lean body mass also contributes to speed, quickness, and agility performance (in the development of force applied to the ground for maximal acceleration and deceleration). Reduced nonessential body fat contributes to muscular and cardiorespiratory endurance, speed, and agility development. Additional weight (in the form of nonessential fat) provides greater resistance to athletic motion thereby forcing the athlete to increase the muscle force of contraction per given workload. The additional body fat can limit endurance, balance, coordination, and movement capacity. Joint range of motion can be negatively affected by excessive body mass and fat as well and mass can form a physical barrier to joint movement in a complete range of motion. This information can be used to customize training programs & nutritional intervention.
It’s the maximal force that can be generated by specific muscle or muscle group. It’s specific to the muscle group, type of contraction, speed of contraction & joint angle .It’s important for measuring muscular fitness & monitoring progress. Greater muscular strength can enhance the ability to perform general sport skills such as jumping, sprinting, and change of direction tasks. Furthermore stronger athletes produce superior performances during sport specific tasks. Greater muscular strength allows an individual to potentiate earlier and to a greater extent, but also decreases the risk of injury.
It’s the ability of a muscle group to execute repeated contractions over a period of time sufficient to cause muscular fatigue or to maintain a specific percentage of maximum voluntary contractions over a prolonged period of time. It gives players the power that they need to explode and move quickly. As part of this, they activate the fast-twitch fibers in their muscles, which provide their speed.
Aerobic capacity is commonly described by the o 2 max, or maximal oxygen uptake. This measurement is an indication of (1) the ability of the cardiovascular system to provide oxygen to working muscles and (2)
the ability of those muscles to extract oxygen for energy generation. It’s measured in terms of the VO2max . An athlete’s performance is precisely measured using parameters such as the maximum oxygen intake at a maximum heart rate and respiratory thresholds which precisely show an athlete’s performance. The measurements allow developing optimal training plans and methods and in particular the planning and monitoring of enhanced performance.
The anaerobic capacity is the total amount of energy from the anaerobic (without oxygen) energy systems, that is the combined amount of output for the ATP, phosphocreatine and lactic acid systems. The anaerobic system is maximally stressed in short duration high intensity activities (generally between 30 seconds and several minutes), and most of the following tests are over this time period.
Explosive Power & Speed
Explosive Power is the ability to exert a maximal force in as short a time as possible, as in jumping and throwing implements. Speed is the ability to reproduce these explosive movements one after the other with minimal fatigue. Speed in sport is about explosive training, but raw power without coordination usually is metabolically more taxing and sometimes slower and stiffer. Athletes in ball sports need to be fast while multitasking, so efficient running enables them to be smooth and adds to their skill set. Supra- maximal velocities prepare muscle groups for overload thus prevents injuries during the game.
Agility is the ability to move quickly and change directions while maintaining control and balance. Good agility requires a combination of speed, acceleration, balance, power and coordination, plus good reflexes. It’s a vital component because the ability to stop, start and change directions quickly and unexpectedly gives players a greater chance of eluding the opposition and completing plays.
Flexibility is the capacity of a joint to move through its full range of motion. Flexibility is important and helps overall athletic performance. It is good for muscle and joint health to keep each joint working in its full range of motion. Flexibility will increase the joint range of motion, performance may be enhanced and the risk of injury reduced. It allows enhanced movement with greater ease and dexterity.
Balance is the ability to stay upright or stay in control of body movement. There are two types of balance: static and dynamic. Static balance is maintaining equilibrium when stationary, while dynamic balance is maintaining equilibrium when moving. Balance allows for more efficient decelerations and changes in direction and for greater understanding of how one’s body is moving during so, you can perform it with perfect form. One can perform the moves with more power and strength, because no energy will be wasted on unnecessary movements caused by being out of position. You will also have a smaller chance of injury.
Power in sports is the ability to exert maximum force as quickly as possible, as in jumping, accelerating and throwing. As a main component of total fitness, power is crucial for success in sports such as boxing, baseball, football, and track and field. Power gives athletes the explosive ability to run faster and jump higher.
Sports Performance Center
The Centre for Sports Medicine housed in Santokba Durlabhji Memorial Hospital through a comprehensive, scientific and multidisciplinary approach can help every individual optimize their sports performance .Our Sports Performance assessment and intervention will help you improve your current level of performance and reach your sport-specific goals, no matter what level of athlete you are. We are dedicated to help every athlete, professional or recreational, to achieve their fullest potential and remain injury-free, through the use of sports medicine and exercise science. Our team helps injured athletes to return to play in the shortest possible time, using the latest diagnostic technology combined with the human touch. Besides sports performance, our goal is to enhance the health of individuals through safe participation in sports and physical activity.
Teams and individuals can select a range of services according to their needs. These services include, amongst others:
- Physiological assessments using world-class expertise and equipment. In this way, scientific, individualized training programs can be designed and prescribed.
- Sports and individual athlete consulting.
- High intensity strength and conditioning classes in our High Performance Gym.
The Centre is equipped with the most versatile physiotherapy unit PRIMUS-RS for physical evaluation & rehabilitation along with restoration of functional abilities by human performance testing. The Exercise Physiology Labs are equipped with MetaMax 3B VO2 analyzers to conduct breathing analysis, a Laboratory Treadmill h/p/cosmos Quasar with Special speed 0 - 40 km/h 170/65 with CORTEX Bicycle Ergometer to conduct tests like Wingate test. Bioelectrical Impedance will enable objective and precise assessments of body composition and enable optimum nutrition & athletic performance..
Strength and conditioning is the physical preparation of athletes for high level performance – to give them the greatest advantage in national and international competition. Athletes are individually monitored using a variety of scientifically validated tests and their programs are continuously adjusted to optimise their individual training gains.
We at DASH provide integrated, holistic training stimulus that results in optimal performance gains for each athlete, working in close partnership with sport-specific coaches and other sport science disciplines. There is a strong emphasis on evidence-based practice that incorporates methods and findings from published scientific literature. This leads to highly innovative trialing and implementation of new and 'cutting edge' training methodologies. Our modern Fitness Centre is fitted with the
Physiotherapists are doctors who specialize in physical medicine and rehabilitation and are trained to diagnose, treat and direct a rehabilitation plan that provides the best possible outcomes for their patients. They use physical agents and therapeutic exercise in the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of disorders that produce pain, impairment and disability. Rehabilitation is the restoration of optimal form (anatomy) and function (physiology).We at DASH design a process to minimize the loss associated with acute injury or chronic disease, to promote recovery, and to maximize functional capacity, fitness and performance of an athlete. Musculoskeletal injuries are an inevitable result of sport participation. The ultimate goal of the rehabilitation process is to limit the extent of the injury, reduce or reverse the impairment and functional loss, and prevent, correct or eliminate altogether the disability. Our team implies a multidisciplinary approach where the rehabilitation of the injured athlete is managed by a team with a physician functioning as the leader. The team includes, but is not limited to, sports physicians, physiotherapist, orthopedists, coaches, athletic trainers, psychologists, and nutritionists. The rehabilitation team works closely with the athlete to establish the rehabilitation goals, to discuss the progress resulting from the various interventions, and to establish the time frame for the return of the athletes to training and competition. The Centre is equipped with latest physiotherapy equipment to rehabilitate injured athletes with promptness. A team of fully trained physiotherapists are available to carry out specialized treatment techniques like Taping, Myofascial trigger release, Mulligan concept manual therapy, Cryotherapy, low impact exercises using Medicine ball & Pilates.
It is well established that what an athlete eats can affect his/her ability to train, recover and compete. How they train and the type of sport chosen to compete in, places certain energy demands on the body. The amount, composition and timing of food intake can profoundly affect sports performance. Nutrition is a major contributor to an athlete’s overall sports performance. The main role of sports nutrition is to “support” the training program. So, eating for performance will change as the training regimen changes. Poor nutrition can lead to injury, fatigue and poor recovery, all three of which can hinder how well an athlete performs.
The DASH offers professional sports-nutrition support wherein a range of services are provided to boost your health for an overall better performance. Services from a daily diet diary to a comprehensive health plan are provided in this division of healthcare. Our sports nutrition service is supported by highly skilled professionals and cutting-edge technology.
The Sport dieticians team at our Centre work with individual athletes on sport specific nutrition issues or concerns, including:
Meeting the energy demands of training and competition, while optimising body mass and body composition for health and performance
Achieving macronutrient intakes that improve preparation for and recovery from, training and competition
Making sure adequate carbohydrate and protein are consumed at the right times.
Consuming a variety of foods to provide an adequate intake of micronutrients.
Optimizing athletes' hydration.
Our Experts provide personalized diet plans for competitive & non-competitive athletes. They master at counseling individuals and groups on daily nutrition for performance and health; translating the latest scientific evidence into practical sports nutrition recommendations; tracking and documenting outcomes of nutrition services, providing sports nutrition education for health/wellness programs & athletic teams. Our Sports Nutrition Department is equipped with a high-end Bioelectric Impedance Analysis (BIA) machine for body composition test wherein the calculations for body fat percentage, lean body mass, body mass index, etc. parameters is done. It gives accurate and immediate results of body composition and hydration status within the body. This helps in prescribing more specific diet plans & exercise regimes.
Sport psychology is a proficiency that uses psychological knowledge and skills to address optimal performance and well-being of athletes, developmental and social aspects of sports participation, and systemic issues associated with sports settings and organizations.
The Sports psychologists at DASH offers sport specific psychological assessment and & master at teaching mental skills for enhanced performance. They can help in improving confidence, focus, composure, intensity, and trust in athletic performance. These mental skills help athletes improve performance & help athletes overcome fears and general performance anxiety.
Returning to play after an injury can sometimes be difficult for many athletes depending on the nature of the injury. Athletes are often left with “mental scars” long after an injury is physically healed. Our Team of experts can help injured athletes cope better with the pressures associated with returning to a prior level of performance–post-injury. Along with this our team specializes in detangling Developmental and social issues related to sport participation.