Malaria has plagued humanity for thousands of years, caused by tiny parasite transported from person to person by a certain kind of mosquito.
Malaria is a life-threatening disease caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes. Malaria is caused by Plasmodium parasites.
Malaria is an acute febrile illness. In a non-immune individual, symptoms usually appear 10–15 days after the infective mosquito bite. The first symptoms are fever, headache, and chills.
All of the important vector species bite between dusk and dawn.
Anopheles mosquitoes lay their eggs in small, shallow collections of fresh water which hatch into larvae, eventually emerging as adult mosquitoes.These small water collections are abundant during the rainy season in tropical countries.
Vector controlis the main way to prevent and reduce malaria transmission.
Some ways to prevent mosquito bites are
1.Dump out any standing water near your home.
2. Use mosquito repellent.
3. Wear light-colored clothing, especially outdoors.
4. Stay indoors between dusk and dawn.
If not treated within 24 hours, P. falciparum malaria can progress to severe illness, often leading to death.
Early diagnosis and treatment of malaria reduces disease and prevents deaths. It also contributes to reducing malaria transmission.
Malaria is preventable and curable.
Dr. Vibha Bhargava
(Incharge, Microbiology Section)
Brig. T.K. Narayanan Department of Pathology & Transfusion Medicine, SDMH Share On: